Terracotta Female with Pig

Date: 4th-early 3rd c. BCE

Excavation Site: Corinth

Monument: Sanctuary of Demeter and Kore

Location: Lower Terrace                                    Context: Pit 1965-1, a deposit of mixed material from the sanctuary

Material: Terracotta

Actual Size: H: 0.157m, W: 0.054m

Museum: Corinth Museum MF 13709

Corinth Database Entry

Mouldmade terracotta figurine shows a female devotee standing on a low plinth and carrying a piglet. Most terracotta figurines were painted in antiquity, but the paint no longer survives. In this case, some yellow paint remains in the hair. Hollow interior, with the finger impressions of the craftsman preserved.

Plan of the upper ritual zone and banqueting buildings. Courtesy of Corinth Excavations.

When they excavated this terracotta offering in 1965, they found it with thousands of terracotta figurines, pottery (ca. 12 kg), lamps, loomweights, and rooftiles. Because many of the pottery pieces and artifacts were broken before they were deposited, the archaeologists determined that the deposit consisted of offerings and sanctuary items  deposed of in antiquity. 

One of many votives showing a female figure, it is thought that the statuette depicts a devotee bringing an offering of a piglet to Demeter and Persephone. Our ancient sources indicate that piglets were used in many rituals involving the goddesses, especially the Eleusinian Mysteries, when initiates carried piglets to the goddess during the pre-initiation procession. Likewise, pigs were presented to the divinity during the Thesmophoria ritual, a festival occiasion especially important to the women in communities across Greece.

Plan of the Upper and Middle Terrace. Courtesy of Corinth Excavations.

3D Model

File Specs

Software: MeshLab

Vertices: 817, 300

Surface Reconstruction: Poisson

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